There is rotational molding, compression molding, and blow molding, as well as spray-up molding.

Blow Molding

Methods of blow molding use pressure to create plastic products. These processes can produce parts of varying complexity.

Identical Parts

They can also produce identical parts and maintain their uniformity. However, these production processes need to be optimized for precision and high volume. New advances in the technology of blow molding are being made all the time. Extrusion blow molding, for example, is a process that uses low pressure and has the advantage of being low-cost.

Thin-Walled Plastic

This process produces thin-walled plastic pipes. Blow molded pipes are often referred to as films. Injection blow molding uses the same process but uses two separate molds.

Variety of Plastics

Blow molding can be done on a variety of plastics. For example, cellular plastic is often used to manufacture hot drink cups. Typically, a mold is made up of two different materials, such as polycarbonate and PVC.



Heat-setting is another technique used in blow molding arts. The process involves heating the blow mold cavity to elevated temperatures. This method is also known as EtO sterilization.

Molding Process

During the blow molding process, the plastic is blown into a hollow cavity. Upon completion, the mold is removed from the mold. . It can be used to make a variety of shapes, including tubes.


Hand lay-up molding is the process of creating composite parts by layering layers of resin onto a mold. The process involves a number of steps, including the use of release wax to treat the surface of the mold. Next, a pigmented polyester resin is applied over the surface, creating a “gel coat.” This method is advantageous as it is easier to control wall thicknessThe elevated temperature allows the syringe barrel to relax. As a result, the barrel is sealed and does not leak when pressurized.

Gel Coat

Over the gel coat, layers of glass fiber are placed, which is saturated with polyester resin. The resin content should be at least 2%, and rollers are used to work the resin into the glass fiber.


Hand lay-up molding uses a human workforce to create complex composite parts. The process is a labor-intensive and expensive process, but can result in high-performance parts.

During layup

During layup, workers manipulate flat sheets of composite material into the desired shape. While hand lay-up is not a high-tech process, it is an important step in the manufacturing process.

excellent choice

Hand lay-up molding is an excellent choice for small-scale projects, where a single operator can produce several specimens. Each specimen can take up to three days to produce. Each specimen is reinforced with woven fabric, which is either delivered by the supplier or treated with NaOH, neutralized by drying in an oven.

The samples are then subjected to mechanical characterizations, including traction, compression, and in-plane and interlaminar shear tests.
Vacuum infusion methods are used in molding and composite fabrication processes to ensure uniform distribution of resin in the fibre matrix.

Excessive Resin

The process does not require excessive resin or too many tools. In addition, it allows for proper control of infusion pressure. It is important to choose the right fabric for the job, as different fibres have different infusion rates

Affecting Fabric

The main factors affecting fabric performance include yarn size, aerial density, and weave patterns. A fabric’s surface features also influence the resin flow rate.